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Charcoal: One of the oldest drawing materials known, Charcoals are rich deep black and can be blended to create variation in tone.  White Charcoal helps to add contrast and bring out highlights. Charcoals look great on white, off white and pastel colored art papers and are known for capturing mood. Charcoal paintings date as far back as ca.23,000 BC!


Happy & Jumper looking out window for bus card - Copy Stonecrest-horse.jpg daws-pauliecopyright Vaughan Peoples almost done

Graphite: Graphite, a name derived from the Ancient Greek word Graphein, is a mineral that leaves soft gray to near black marks on paper.  Graphite pencils are well suited for delicate sketching and drawing on white or off white artist’s papers.  Graphite drawings are neutral and classic. 

Odin Graphite Romaniello girls sketch_edited-1 - Copy daughter's cat Branch Ashely Rivers profile copyright

Oil: Oil paints take a long time to dry and are terrific for working in glazed layers to capture the sparkle in a pet’s eye. They are known for their richness in color and for the depth created with layers.  They are a slow drying paint consisting of pigment mixed with oil.    Oil Paintings were first used as early as the fifth century and gained widespread recognition in the 1500’s.


Oil Painting Jesse_edited-1 Irish Jack Russel Claudette's Girl Oil Final Molly copyright

Annie Verticle

Charcoal with Soft Pastel added.

Charcoal with Soft Pastel: Drawing with Charcoals and finishing with soft pastels is a technique made famous by Edgar Degas (1885) for his “Woman Bathing in Shallow Tub”.

Soft Pastels: Soft Pastels get their name from the French word, pastiche.  They are dry pigments bound together into either a stick or pencil form.  Soft Pastels have been used by artists since prehistoric times, and were made popular during the Renaissance.



Lisa's house 195 Holmes

Pen & Ink under-drawing of a home.

Bootsie washing Frost

Pen & Ink drawing of “Bootsie washing Frost”. Copyright protected.

Pen & Ink: Pen&Ink lends itself to high detail and accuracy.  It makes a great under-drawing for watercolors, or as a drawing in and of itself.  Excellent for  home portraits, pet portraits, and  illustrations.





watercolor 195 holmes

The pen & ink under- drawing brings details to life in this watercolor painting.

Watercolor: Watercolor painting has been known by artists since ancient times and used for decorating illuminated manuscripts as well as maps.  In the early years, artists ground their own pigments and jealously guarded their studio recipes!

A fluid and unpredictable paint, Watercolors are created with water-soluble pigments typically suspended in a water based solution such as gum arabic.

Watercolors are bright and fluid and lend themselves to spontaneity.  They are dramatic painted over a pen&ink drawing and require great skill to manage as once applied, it cannot be removed.  Gouache, an opaque watercolor media, is used to create more body in the painting.



Acrylic paint is a fast-drying paint made of pigment suspended in acrylic polymer emulsion. Acrylic paints are water-soluble, but become water-resistant when dry.








What is the difference between a Sketch and a Drawing?

A  Sketch is a quick rendering with rough marks while a Drawing is more fully developed with greater attention to mid-tone values to create depth.  See these examples: